The full form of CBI is the Central Bureau of Investigation. It is India’s apex body that investigates very serious cases across the country.
What works CBI do?
The CBI, over the years, established a reputation for impartiality and competence, It was sought to investigate more cases of traditional crimes such as murder, kidnapping, terrorist offenses, etc.
And various high courts of the country also started entrusting such cases to the CBI for investigation, which are on petitions filed by the aggrieved parties.
In view of the fact that many cases falling under this category were being investigated by the CBI, it was found expedient to hand over such cases to branches having local jurisdiction.
Therefore in 1987, it was decided to constitute two investigative divisions in the CBI, namely, Anti-Corruption Division and Special Crimes Division, which deals with cases of traditional crime apart from economic offenses.
The Central Bureau of Investigation traced its origins to the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was established by the Government of India in 1941.
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Even after the end of the war, the need for a central government agency to investigate bribery and corruption cases was felt by central government employees.
The GOW dealt with cases of bribery and corruption with employees of the central government and public sector undertakings.
Kohli was a visionary who saw the potential to grow into a specialized police establishment as a national investigative agency.
“This investigating agency was found by the Government of India in 1941 as a special police establishment.
Similarly, with the nationalization of banks in 1969, public sector banks and their employees also came under the purview of the CBI.
Like, with the nationalization of banks in 1969, public sector banks and their employees also came under the purview of the CBI.
Since 1965, CBI has been selected on a selective basis for economic offenses and crimes like murder, kidnapping, terrorist offenses.